The Border Services Agency of Canada (CBSA) recently confirmed that some countries delay or refuse to repatriate their citizens who are in our territory illegally, but did not disclose the identity of the countries involved as this could "affect diplomatic negotiations" .
Canada's approach of not naming the countries in question contrasts sharply with the policy applied by the United States, which it publicly identifies, and in some cases generates sanctions against countries that delay or refuse to repatriate their citizens.
National spokesman Barre Campbell said: "If a country does not recover its foreign citizens, CBSA does not give up and continues to work with other government partners to pressure the country to accept its citizens back."
In the same way I clarify that the CBSA also works with national and international partners to share best practices and develop participatory strategies to deal with non-cooperative countries that do not repatriate their citizens at an opportune time.
It should be noted that the deportation list includes rejected refugee applicants and those considered inadmissible due to criminal records, a potential threat to public health or safety or the risk to national security.
The United States publicly identified 23 countries that delayed or rejected the repatriation of their own citizens, but announced earlier this year that the list was reduced to 12 due to public pressure tactics that began under President Barack Obama and intensified under President Donald Trump.
It was also that the United States developed a visa restriction plan to four "recalcitrant" countries, Cambodia, Eritrea, Guinea and Sierra Leone, who would face visa restrictions for not accepting, or delaying the repatriation of their own citizens after that the USA I try to deport them.
Others that remain on the list of non-cooperative countries in the US , are China, Cuba, Vietnam, Laos, Iran, Myanmar, Morocco, Hong Kong and South Sudan.
For its part, the European Union is also taking measures to deal with resistant countries, including the negotiation of "readmission" agreements.
Deportation statistics in Canada
In Canada, the number of deportations has decreased drastically in the last five years. Moving from:
- 18,992 in 2012 to
- 7,364 in 2016.
The CBSA did not provide an explanation for the decrease, other than saying that there are fluctuations from one year to the next.
In this regard the public safety critic the conservative Pierre Paul-Hus said that: "the removal efforts have diminished due to the current limited resources".
For this reason he has made a request to the government to allocate more resources, in the same way he has requested a greater number of officers destined for deportation with the objective of protecting public safety.
By the way I would like to tell you that the list consists of 15,237 foreign citizens currently under orders to leave Canada is headed by Chinese (2,066), Indians (1,029) and Americans (977).
Canada's deportation numbers are small compared to those of EE. UU., Where the Immigration and Customs Control Service (ICE) carried out 240,255 expulsions during 2016.
To conclude, I would like to inform you that, fortunately, Canada's foreign international policy differs or suspends expulsions to countries where there are systematic violations of human rights, or if there is a substantial risk to the entire population due to armed conflict or natural disaster, such as the case of Afghanistan, Iraq and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.